Jet airplanes and some types of helicopters use kerosene, a byproduct of petroleum refining. This is also referred to as petrol. Wood tar is also used as spice, cosmetics, anti-dandruff, flavor, shampoo and so on. It is also used in gas turbines and external combustion engine. The same is true of many perfumes, lipsticks, waxes and dyes. While gasoline/petrol is used in cars, motorcycles, light trucks, and boats, diesel is used as fuel by trucks, buses, trains, boats and ships. However, oil-fired power plants cause significant environmental pollution. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-9755093768544960"; Many business sectors rely on petroleum, including the fashion, art, agriculture, health care and transportation industries. google_ad_width = 300; Read Also: How to Own a Petrol Filling Station in Nigeria. Petroleum is used to make fuels, oils, fertilizers, pesticides and the petrochemicals present in a wide variety of other products. The fuel can be blended to give gasoline, jet fuel, heating oil, diesel fuel and heavier fuel oils. It is obtained by a combination of several organic compounds that is called destruction distillation. The term petroleum covers unprocessed crude oil and petroleum products that consist of refined crude oil. Your email address will not be published. Diesel is easier to refine from petroleum than gasoline and its quality is measured by the numbers of cetane involve. Due to this change if you are seeing this message for the first time please make sure you reset your password using the Forgot your password Link. Power generation from oil still accounts for a significant share in energy mix of many countries, even though coal is the dominant source for electricity generation. The transportation fuels that are derived from petroleum include gasoline/petrol, diesel, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), jet fuel, and marine fuel. Festival of Sacrifice: The Past and Present of the Islamic Holiday of Eid al-Adha. However, oil-fired power plants cause significant environmental pollution. Read Also: How to Produce Vaseline in Commercial Quantities for Sale. It is a derivative of petroleum that is obtained by fractional distillation of crude oil with a boiling range of 250 0C (392 oF) and 350 oC (662 oF) at an atmospheric pressure. The wax will pop out for easy cleaning. How to Start Computer Selling Business in Nigeria, 77 Full List of Oil Block and Oil Well Owners in Nigeria, How to Use Online Video to Improve Your Digital Marketing Strategy, Money Transfer 101; Everything you need to know, How To Get Started On Your Writing Career With A Full-Time Job, Top 3 Trading Challenges That Traders Face, Survival Fund Application 2020 – Steps and Guide | Survival Fund portal – www.survivalfundapplication.com, How to Apply for Nigeria Youth Investment Fund (NYIF) – Application Form Portal & Requirements – www.nyif.nmfb.com.ng, Ready, Steady, Go: Grab All the Benefits That Amazon AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Professional Certification Offers You, How to become a Medical Doctor in Nigeria. The boiling range for kerosene is between 150 oC to 275 oC to avoid fire hazard in storage and handling. Oil is an effective way to remove makeup, and petroleum jelly is safe to use in the eye area, according to a study on eye ultrasounds. Though most of the pharmaceuticals consist of complex organic molecules, the basis, however, is linked to simple organic molecules, which are mostly petroleum byproducts. Among home products dependent on petrol are curtains and carpets made of synthetic fibers derived from petroleum. Diesel is ultra-low sulfur that contains reduced amount of sulfur. In addition to being used in fuels that power automobiles, heavy-duty vehicles and airplanes, it is a component in the synthetic rubber that forms their tires. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-9755093768544960"; the boiling range for liquefied petroleum gas is less than 25 0C. Learning from Petra Nova: What are the lessons for carbon capture technology? This is commonly known as bitumen. Petroleum is a naturally occurring liquid found beneath the earth’s surface that can be refined into fuel. Petroleum is a liquid mixture of hydrocarbons that we can harvest from rock strata. It is widely and highly used across the globe that its price has also soared and is continuously changing because of high and consistent demand. Here we publish several helpful articles in various categories, such as how-to articles, where to find things, resources, business, interviews and reviews. Our aim is to provide daily living guide for Nigerians and her friends. The fuel can be blended to give gasoline, jet fuel, heating oil, diesel fuel and heavier fuel oils. Read more… Terms of Use. They are classified as olefins and aromatics. Learn more about the benefits of petroleum … Agriculture: Petroleum is used in the production of ammonia, which is used as a source of nitrogen in agricultural fertilizers. It is used for motor oils, prevent corrosion, rusting, transfer heat and transfer power. The largest petroleum product is used as energy carriers which include fuel, oil and gasoline. Refining of crude oil results in the production of several by-products, which are used in making different products for household and industrial purposes. it is produced by fractional distillation of crude oil between 370 oC (700 0F) and 600 oC (1112 0F) boiling range. To achieve high crop yields, pesticides are widely in agricultural sector. Nylons and acrylics the fashion industry uses to make clothing are derived from petrochemicals, as is makeup that contains oils. The author may or may not have a financial interest in any company or advertiser referenced. Read Also: 9 Ways To Join Oil and Gas Business in Nigeria with minimal capital. Most of the pesticides are produced from petroleum. Power generation from oil still accounts for a significant share in energy mix of many countries, even though coal is the dominant source for electricity generation. Photo courtesy of Lokantha at English Wikipedia. Image: An oil refinery in Mina-Al-Ahmadi, Kuwait. The content on the InfoGuide Nigeria is provided as general information only. Application of kerosene includes pesticide, solvent, lubricant, x-ray crystallography etc. The introduction of new technologies for exploration and production activities in the oil and gas industry has helped many companies to witness a multi-fold increase in their petroleum output.

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