A large part of the district comprises land reclaimed from wetland. [21] Puruliya has a sex ratio of 955 females for every 1000 males,[21] and a literacy rate of 65.38%.[21]. In 1951, census operations in West Bengal first recognised a continuous industrial area stretching from Bansberia to Uluberia on the west bank of the Hooghly, and from Kalyani to Budge Budge on the east bank. The film industry, based in Tollygunge, also had an early start. The economy of the Purulia district is mainly driven by the industrial & Agricultural sector and tourism. There are coal mines in the northern part, along the Damodar River. In 2011, the number of registered motor vehicles (including two and three wheelers) on the roads of Kolkata was 687,918. [16] The district has a population density of 24,252 inhabitants per square kilometre (62,810/sq mi) . The district has large scale industries like Santaldih Thermal Power Station at Santaldih, Pumped Storage Project at Baghmundi, ACC Damodar Cement Factory at Madhukunda. Jains numbered 21,178 and formed 0.5% of the population. [32], Trade and Commerce: While there were only a handful of Marwaris in Kolkata's trade and commerce towards the end of the 18th century, they came in larger numbers with the turn of the century and particularly after opening of the railways (1860) and dominated Kolkata's economy. [7], State Highway 9, running from Durgapur (in Paschim Bardhaman district) to Nayagram (in Jhargram district), passes through Bikna. The geographical area of the district is 6,259 km2 (2,417 sq mi). Since 1742 the Bidyadhari served as an outlet for the drainage of the city, but with deterioration of the Jamuna, Bidyadhari lost much of its fresh water flow. Right form the 16th century, a number of townships, based on trade and commerce, had sprung up along both banks of the Hooghly. The Marwaris “could not stop incorrigible Calcutta from getting poorer; Calcutta, in turn, could not stop them from getting richer.”[33], Lok Sabha (parliamentary) and Vidhan Sabha (state assembly) constituencies covering Kolkata district are as follows:[34][35], Coordinates: 22°34′11″N 88°22′11″E / 22.56972°N 88.36972°E / 22.56972; 88.36972, Location of Kolkata district in West Bengal. It has the lowest Scheduled Caste (5.38%) and Scheduled Tribe (0.24%) population in the state. [12] It is one of the eleven districts in West Bengal that has received funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund programme (BRGF). Raghunathpur assembly segment will be part of Bankura (Lok Sabha constituency), which will also contains six assembly segments from Bankura district. [8], Bikna railway station is on the Bankura–Masagram line under the Adra railway division. As per the 1951 census, only 33.2% of Kolkata's inhabitants were city-born. By Regulation XVIX of 1805, a Jungle Mahals district composed of 23 parganas and mahals including the present Purulia was formed. Manbazar subdivision consists of five community development blocks: Manbazar–I, Manbazar–II Barabazar, Bandwan and Puncha. [10][11], There is a small community living in Bikna who are involved in making dhokra handicrafts. Only 0.89% of total workers are engaged as cultivators and 0.69% are engaged as agricultural labourers. Purulia is the westernmost district of West Bengal with an all-India significance because of its tropical location, its shape as well as function like a funnel.

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