Sometimes trained on one trunk but often grown as a shrub, this plant reaches a maximum height of only 25 feet, with an equally wide profile. The plant is evergreen, from 1 to 5 m high, with a strong smell of resin, growing in dry and rocky areas in Mediterranean Europe. Mastic Tree Pistacia lentiscus. It is one of the most expensive resins to produce. 0:29 . The Chinese pistachio (P. chinensis) is a tall ornamental tree with scarlet fruits and colourful autumn foliage. Usually, P. terebinthus and P. lentiscus occupy different biotopes and barely overlap: Mastic appears at lower elevations and near the sea, while the P. terebinthus most frequently inhabits inland and mountainous areas such as the Iberian System. It grows very well in the southern parts. As well as its culinary uses, mastic continues to be used for its gum and medicinal properties. Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. It is in leaf all year, in flower from May to July, and the seeds ripen in October. Mastic gum is principally used either as a flavouring or for its gum properties, as in mastic chewing gum. Blooming in spring, male and female flowers are very small, green and inconspicuous. General Information Pistacia lentiscus is an evergreen shrub or small tree that usually grows 1 - 6 metres tall Blooming in spring, male and female flowers are brownish-green and lack petals. Lowland forests have been intensely transformed since historical times, usually reduced to open woodland with an understory dominated by heliophilous-thorny shrubs. The mastic tree has been introduced into Mexico as an ornamental plant, where it is very prized and fully naturalized. Pistacia lentiscus (Mastic Tree) is an attractive large evergreen shrub or small tree with aromatic, small, leathery, olive green leaves, 4 in. Herb: Mastic Tree Latin name: Pistacia lentiscus Family: Pistaciaceae Medicinal use of Mastic Tree: Mastic was at one time greatly used in herbal medicine, the resin obtained from the tree (see below for more details) being used. Es sind kleine hellgelbe bis grünlich gelbe, ungleichförmige, kugelige bis birnenförmige, durchsichtige oder undurchsichtige, harte, glasige Bruchstücke. It presents very small flowers, the male with five stamens, the female trifid style. The sap is the source of mastic, an aromatic resin used as a breath freshener and to flavor puddings and cakes. The spice's use was widened when Chios became part of the Ottoman Empire, and it remains popular in North Africa and the Near East. Native to the Mediterranean regions such as Spain, France, Portugal, Greece, Turkey, and Africa. Mastic Tree – Pistacia lentiscus Also known as Evergreen Pistache, this drought and heat tolerant plant features bright green, glossy leaves on smooth reddish branches. The fruit is a drupe, first red and then black when ripe, about 4 mm in diameter. The lentiscus oil was perhaps appreciated for its distinct aromatic properties, far superior to those of lampy oil, but in any case it was a food intended for the meals of the poor, which was widely used in periods of Famine and on rare occasions harvested by olive trees and olive trees. It grows to heights of fifteen to twenty-five feet with an equal or greater spread. When chewed, the resin softens and becomes a bright white and opaque gum. Evergreen - pinnate leaves, 10cm (4in) long, with winged stalks and midribs each have 2-7 pairs of narrowly lance-shaped leafletsHeight - 1-3m (3-10ft) lentiscus, refers to mastic. Derivation of the botanical name: Pistacia, pistacium (Latin), "pistachio nut", from Greek pistakion, from pistakē, the Greek name for the nut, perhaps from Middle Persian *pistak. [11], A balm was created from the mastic tree resin for use by physicians in Biblical times..[citation needed]. Join now and start creating your dream garden! Mastic can be shaped into a small, rounded patio-sized tree or left unpruned to grow as a large, dense shrub. Mastic trees, Pistacia lentiscus, are medium-sized trees useful as a 'living fence' for privacy and can be a big part of a neighborhood noise filter solution thanks to its thick, year-round canopy. The pistachio mastic tree (Pistacia lentiscus) is a small member of the pistachio family. It is also used in the manufacture of plasters. A shrub or small tree with dark green, pinnate foliage and attractive red fruits, widespread throughout the Mediterranean, where it is commonly encountered in various types of scrub and woodlands. Category: Shrubs. [6] The island's mastic production is controlled by a co-operative of "medieval" villages, collectively known as the 'mastichochoria' (Μαστιχοχώρια). Some scholars[8] identify the bakha בכא mentioned in the Bible—as in the Valley of Baca (Hebrew: עמק הבכא‎) of Psalm 84—with the mastic plant. In tourist areas, with palmitos or Mediterranean dwarf palm, and exotic plants, it is often chosen to repopulate gardens and resorts, because of its strength and attractive appearance. Pistacia lentiscus can be distinguished from other three similar and common Mediterranean species of genus Pistachia, namely pistachio nut (Pistacia vera), turpentine tree (Pistacia terebinthus) and Pistacia atlantica by its even-pinnate leaves, which … ; it has been written based on numerous outside resources gum properties, and as such is used... Evolution in Pistacia ( Anacardiaceae ) and numerous thicker and longer branches tree ( Pistacia vera ), into! Mexico as an ornamental plant, where it is a very hardy pioneer dispersed... ( syn read about them here based on numerous outside resources so attractive ( syn and... 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